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Kerala at a Glance
  • A Brief History
  • Kerala is on the southernmost tip of India. It stretches along the coast of the Arabian Sea and is separated from the rest of the sub continent by the steep Western Ghats. The state lies between 80 18 ' and 120 48 ' north latitude and 740 52' and 770 22' east longitude.

    Kerala enjoys unique geographical features with the Arabian Sea in the west, the Western Ghats towering 500-2700 m in the east and networked by forty-four rivers, 34 lakes, canals, ponds, paddy fields that have made it one of the most sought after tourist destinations in Asia. An equable climate, a long shoreline with serene beaches, tranquil streches of emerald backwaters, lush hill stations and exotic wildlife, waterfalls, sprawling plantations and paddy fields, ayurvedic health holidays enchanting art forms, magical festivals, historic and cultural monuments, exotic cuisine, all of which makes Kerala a unique experience.

    For administrative purpose, the state of Kerala is divided into fourteen districts. Almost all the districts are excellent tourist destinations.
  • Location Southwestern tip of India.
    Area 38, 863 sq km.
    Population 3,18,38,619
    Capital Thiruvananthapuram (Trivandrum)
    Language Malayalam;English is widely spoken.
    Religion Hinduism, Christianity, Islam
    Time GMT +5:30
    Currency Indian Rupee
    Climate Tropical.
    Summer February - May (24 - 330C)
    Monsoon June - September (22 - 280C)
    Winter October - January (22 - 320C)
  • Names of Districts
  • Old New
    Trivandrum Thiruvananthapuram
    Quilon Kollam
    Alleppey Alappuzha
    Trichur Thrissur
    Palghat Palakkad
    Calicut Kozhikode
    Cannanore Kannur
  • Major Cities
  • Major Cities : Thiruvananthapuram, Kochi (Ernakulam district) and Kozhikode.
    Taluks 61
    Revenue Villages 1452
    City Corporations 5
    Grama Panchayat 991
    Block Panchayat 152
    District Panchayat 14
    Population 318.39 lakhs as per the latest 2001 Census (31.839 Millions)
    Density of Population 819 per sq kms
    Kerala's Share in the National Population 3.1 per cent
    District Average 22.74 lakhs (2.274 millions)
    Sex Ratio 1058 women for 1000 men
  • Literacy
  • Literacy Rate 90.92 per cent.
    Male Literacy Rate 94.20 per cent
    Female Literacy Rate 87.86 per cent
  • Educational Infrastructure
  • Lower Primary Schools (First - Fourth classes) 6712
    Upper Primary Schools (Fifth - Seventh classes) 2951
    High Schools (Eighth - Tenth classes) 2608
    Total number of Schools 12271
  • Higher Education
  • Higher Education Universities 7
    Arts and Science Colleges 286
  • Physical Quality of Life Index (PQLI)
  • Kerala has had a commendable record in terms of the Physical Quality of Life Index. Indicators of PQLI like infant mortality (11%), female literacy (87.86%), and life expectancy at birth for males (68.23) and females (73.62), are well above all India levels. The major reason for this achievement is Kerala's focus on the service sector. About 37% of the total annual expenditure of the State is earmarked for health and education. Another reason for this is the existence of a larger network of hospital infrastructure under the Directorate of Health Services with 933 primary health centres and 5094 sub centres
  • Health Care Infrastructure
  • Immunisation has been near total in the year 2002 - 03.
    T.T for Pregnant Women 86.1%
    T.T for 5 year old 89.2%
    T.T for 10 year old 98.1%
    T.T for 16 year old 95%
    DPT 95.8%
    BCG 103%
    Polio 95.3%
    Anti-measles 90.6%
    Rate of Diseases per 1000 People
    Leprosy 0.66
    Malaria 0.36
    Filaria 1.28
    Tuberculosis 0.70
  • Transport
  • Air : There are three international airports in the state. They are at Thiruvananthapuram, Kozhikode and Nedumbassery (Kochi) operates international flights and domestic flights.
  • Road and Rail : The state is well connected by rail and road.
  • Seaports : Major : Kochi
  • Minor : Beypore (Kozhikode), Alappuzha, Kollam
  • Major Beaches : Kovalam, Varkala, Fort Kochi, Kappad and Bekal
  • Major Wild Life Sanctuaries : Thekkady (Periyar), Parambikkulam, Wayanad, Silent Valley, Aralm, Peechi-Vazhani, Chimani, Shenduruny, Idukki, Chinnar, Peppara, Neyyar.
  • Bird Sanctuary : Thattekad, Kumarakom
  • Major Hill Stations : Ponmudi, Peerumade, Thekkady, Munnar and Wayanad
  • Farm / Cash Crops : Rubber, Coffee, Tea, Spices, Pepper, Cashew, Coconut, Arecanut and rice
  • Exports : Marine, Coir, Handicrafts, Spices, Food and other Products
  • Major Industries : Tourism, Information Technology, Fertilizer, Oil Refining and Power Generation, Ship Buildings, Machine Tools, Electronics, Cables, Rubber.
Bonjour Holidays: C.P.Ummer Cross Road, Cochin, Kerala-682 035, India, e-mail:, Mob: + 91 94477 84477
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